What type of soil is best for rice?
What type of soil is best for rice?
riverine alluvial soil
Fertile riverine alluvial soil and the clayey loam texture of the new alluvial soil is the most suitable for rice cultivation. Alluvial soil is mainly found in the Indo-Gangetic plain.
Is West Bengal rich in alluvial soil?
The entire northern plains (including parts of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar (Almost entirely), Chandigarh, Delhi (Almost entirely), Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, and West Bengal) are made of alluvial soil. …
Which type of soil is best for producing rice jute?
Jute can be raised on all kinds of soils from clay to sandy loam, but loamy alluvial are best suited. Laterite and gravel soils are not suitable for this crop. The new grey alluvial soils of good depth, receiving silt from the annual floods are the best for jute cultivation.
Where in West Bengal rice is mainly found?
Burdwan, Birbhum, Nadia and Hooghly have the highest productivity and account for about 27% rice acreage and 32% production. Rice production in West Bengal is spread across three seasons—aus, aman and boro. Of these, the kharif rise aus and aman) account for about 70% of the state’s production.
Is black soil good for rice?
Black soil is ideal for growing crops that are cotton, sugarcane, tobacco, wheat, millets, and oilseeds. Rice and sugarcane are equally important where irrigation facilities are obtainable. Large varieties of vegetables and fruits are successfully grown on black soil. You may also like the Crops Suitable for Red Soil.
Which type of soil is in West Bengal?
The soil of West Bengal is broadly divided into four types – Mountain soils, Alluvial soils, Red soils and Saline soils.
Which soil is good for coffee cultivation?
The kind of soil required for Coffee cultivation is well drained loamy soil. Both Arabica and Robusta types of coffee are planted in well-drained soil conditions that favour rich organic matter that is slightly acidic. Coffee requires a warm and wet climate.
Which district is the largest producer of paddy in West Bengal?
|Number of Rice Growing Districts : 18|
|High Productivity Districts (> 2,500 Kg/Ha.)||Medium Productivity Districts (2,000-2,500 Kg/Ha.)|
What is famous food in West Bengal?
Top 10 dishes every foodie must eat in West Bengal
- Luchi-Alur Dom. Luchi alur dom is the preferred Bengali combination for a lazy Sunday brunch.
- Keemar Doi Bora.
- Kathi Rolls.
- Jhal Muri.
- Daab Chingri.
- Bhetki Macher Paturi.
- Kosha Mangsho.
What kind of crops are grown in West Bengal?
The principal food crop cultivated in West Bengal agriculture is rice. Other food crops of West Bengal include maize, pulses, oilseeds, wheat, barley, potatoes, and vegetables. The most vital cash crop of West Bengal is Tea and it is also exported every year. Darjeeling tea is most well-known all over India.
Which is the best soil to grow wheat in India?
Well drained loamy and clayey soils are ideal. Wheat is cultivated on about 14% of the total arable area of the country. There are two important wheat producing zones in the country – the Ganga-Satluj plains in the north-west and the black soil region in the Deccan. In north India, wheat is sown in October – November and harvested in March – April.
What kind of soil is found in Rajasthan?
This soil is deposited by wind action and mainly found in the arid and semi-arid areas like Rajasthan, West of the Aravallis, Northern Gujarat, Saurashtra, Kachchh, Western parts of Haryana and southern part of Punjab. They are sandy with low organic matter. It has low soluble salts and moisture with very low retaining capacity.
Where can you find black soil in India?
In India black soil are largely found over Deccan trap region of the states of Maharshtra, Madhya Pradesh, parts of Andhra Pradesh, Northern part of Karnataka, Gujarat, parts of Tamil Nadu and Rajasthan.
Which is the best rice to grow in West Bengal?
“Folk rice varieties are the best solutions to the problems of erratic rainfall – either excess or scanty,” says Pravin Burman, from Bhattadighi village of Uttar Dinajpur. Last year there was a flood in the region and chemically grown high yield varieties were all lost. “But many of our indigenous seeds managed to survive,” he says.
What kind of Agriculture does West Bengal have?
Subsistence Agriculture of West Bengal: Most parts of India have subsistence agriculture. This type of agriculture has been practised in India for several hundreds of years and still prevails in a larger part of India in spite of the large scale change in agricultural practices after independence.
Which is the best soil type in India?
Major areas of laterite soil in India is Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Meghalaya, West Bengal . Laterite soils is best for crops like Tea, Coffee, Coconuts, Rice, Wheat, Cotton, Maize, Sugarcane, Jute Oil Seeds, Millets, Pulses etc.
Which is the largest rice producing state in India?
Major share of rice production is in Kharif season. State wise Area, Production and Yield:Rice is grown in almost all the states in the country however the major 5 states in rice production are West Bengal, UP, Andhra Pradesh, Punjab and Tamil Nadu. The west Bengal produces 15 percent of total quantity of rice produced in the country.