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What type of grapes are used in Cognac?

What type of grapes are used in Cognac?

Three kinds of grape are grown in cognac: Ugni Blanc, Folle Blanche and Colombard, although a further four are permitted under regulations which date back to1936 (Jurançon blanc, Meslier Saint-François, Montils, Sémillon).

Which grape is not used in making Cognac?

There are five remaining permitted grape varieties in Cognac, but these are very rarely used. They are Jurançon, Belzac Blanc, Blanc Ramé, Bouilleaux and Chalosse. There are around 6,000 grape growers in the Cognac region, many of whom supply the big Cognac houses (with wine as well as eau-de-vie).

What grapes are used in Armagnac?

Ugni Blanc, Folle Blanche, Baco and Colombard are the most commonly used grape varieties used in the production of Armagnac, but Rozes has now added Plant de Grasse (pictured), Mauzac Blanc, Meslier St François, Jurançon Blanc, Mauzac Rosé and Clairette de Gascogne to the family’s 19ha of vineyards.

What grapes are used to make brandy?

What are they?

  • Brandy generally refers to a distilled spirit made from fermented fruit juice.
  • Cognac, meanwhile, must be made from white grapes from one of six different terroirs; the Ugni Blanc grape variety is its primary ingredient, and grapes from “Grande Champagne” terroir are the most coveted.

Is Cognac a grape?

Cognac is a wine grape brandy from the Cognac region of France (a region just North of world-famous Bordeaux!). This region is a controlled designation of origin, or AOP (Appellation d’Origine Protégée), with many rules and regulations regulating the quality of all the styles of Cognac.

Are there any base wines used in Cognac?

No, the base wines used in Cognac are lower in alcohol and higher in acidity than most table wines – not great for drinking but perfect for distillation. What about the grapes themselves? Well, there are eight grape varieties allowed in the Cognac region, but three stand out.

When do grapes get harvested to make cognac?

The grapes are always harvested in the autumn (usually October), and are turned into a wine with an alcohol level of about 9% abv. How is Cognac made?

How is Grappa made to look like cognac?

Rather than producing clear grappa, the spirit is aged for a minimum of 12 months in oak, cherry or ash barrels. This gives it the classic ‘cognac’ coloured amber hue – and it’s hoped that this will be pivotal in luring the foreign drinkers.

What kind of grapes are used for eau de vie?

The most popular by far is Ugni Blanc, one of the most-planted white grape varieties in France (you may have come across it in its Italian guise, Trebbiano). Grapes destined for eau-de-vie are picked earlier than normal to keep ripeness (and therefore alcohol levels) down.

What are the different types of Cognac?

The six types of cognac, in order of prestige, include Grande Champagne, Petite Champagne, Borderies, Fin Bois, Bon Bois, and Bois Ordinaires.

What is the classification of Cognac?

Cognac is also classified by crus, tightly defined geographic denominations where the grapes are grown. Their distinctive soils and microclimates produce eaux de vie with characteristics particular to their specific location.

What are the different grades of brandy?

Brandy grades include A.C. (aged in wooden casks for at least 2 years), VS (very special and aged for at least 3 years), VSOP (very special old pale, which has been aged for at least 5 years), XO (extra old, which has been aged for at least 6 years) and vintage, which has been aged for a longer period of time, as specified on the label.

Where is cognac made?

Cognac, named after the city of Cognac, is produced in the Charente and Charente-Maritime departments in southwest France. The region is just north of Bordeaux and has the Atlantic Ocean to its west.