What causes skin discoloration?
What causes skin discoloration?
Discolored skin patches also commonly develop in a certain part of the body due to a difference in melanin levels. Melanin is the substance that provides color to the skin and protects it from the sun. When there is an overproduction of melanin in a given area, it can result in skin discoloration there.
Is it vitiligo or something else?
Is it Vitiligo or something else? Vitiligo is an autoimmune disease that causes your skin to lose color, often resulting in white patches on your skin that cover both sides of your body. Pityriasis alba is a common skin disorder that causes areas of light-colored skin.
What is skin tone discoloration?
Hyperpigmentation; Hypopigmentation; Skin – abnormally light or dark. Abnormally dark or light skin is skin that has turned darker or lighter than normal. Hyperpigmentation refers to skin that has turned darker than normal where the change that has occurred is unrelated to sun exposure.
What disease causes discoloration?
Causes of Skin Discoloration
- Vitiligo. This condition causes patches of your skin to lose melanin, or color.
- Cancer Treatment. Skin discoloration can happen after surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation therapy.
- Contact Dermatitis.
- Tinea Versicolor.
Will skin discoloration go away?
Fading can take time A spot that is a few shades darker than your natural skin color will usually fade within 6 to 12 months. If the color lies deep in your skin, however, fading can take years. Discoloration that lies deep in the skin is often slate blue to gray in color.
Can skin discoloration be cured?
Birthmarks and skin pigmentation disorders do not usually require treatment. However, some people may wish to have treatment for cosmetic reasons. Treatment options include laser treatment, chemical peels, and topical creams. Lemon juice or castor oil may also help to reduce the appearance of discolored skin patches.
Can lack of vitamin D cause vitiligo?
Vitamin D decreases the expression of various cytokines that cause vitiligo.
How do I know if my white patch is vitiligo?
Signs and symptoms of vitiligo include the following:
- Patches of skin lose color. This can include the eyes and/or the mucous membranes in your mouth or nose.
- Patches of hair on your head or face turn prematurely gray or white.
Does skin discoloration go away?
It’s possible for skin discoloration to go away on its own as long as the damage is shallow. A light sunburn will often fade away within a few weeks or months. However, deeper hyperpigmentation takes years to go away, if it dissipates at all.
How do you get rid of skin discoloration?
Chemical peels, laser therapy, microdermabrasion, or dermabrasion are all options that work similarly to rid skin of hyperpigmentation. These procedures work to gently remove the top layer of your skin where the dark spots lie. After recovery, dark spots will be lightened, and you will have a more even skin tone.
How long does it take for skin discoloration to fade?
Is skin discoloration normal?
Patches of discolored skin are common and have many different causes, including birthmarks, pigmentation disorders, rashes, and infections. Some causes are harmless, but others will require medical attention. Skin contains melanin, which is the pigment that gives the skin its color.
What does it mean when your skin is discolored?
Skin discoloration implies any change in the natural color of the skin. Your skin may become whitish, yellowish, brownish, reddish, and orange or it may even become bluish. Normal skin constitutes cells known as melanocytes that are responsible for the production of melanin or skin pigment.
What causes discolored patches on the face and neck?
Certain skin infections may also cause discoloration, such as: Tinea versicolor. This is a fungal skin infection that can cause patches of skin to become lighter or darker. These patches usually develop slowly and can sometimes merge to form larger patches. Tinea versicolor tends to affect the trunk, neck, and upper arms. Ringworm.
What kind of skin cancer causes patches of discolored skin?
In rare cases, skin cancer can cause patches of discoloration. Types of skin cancer include: Actinic keratosis. These are dry, scaly, pre-cancerous skin patches. Without treatment, they may progress to squamous cell carcinoma. Basal cell carcinoma.
What causes discoloration of face, hair and eyes?
As the name suggests, hyperpigmentation is precipitated by an overproduction of melanin. By now, you know melanin is the natural pigment that gives our skin, hair, and eyes their hue. The main factors for increasing melanin include sun exposure, age, fluctuating hormones, inflammation, and skin injuries.
Which drugs can cause hyperpigmentation?
Chlorpromazine , chloroquine and arsenic are all common culprits. Other drugs which occasionally cause hyperpigmentation include tetracycline, bleomycin, doxorubicin , 5-fluorouracil, busulfan, antimalarial drugs and hormones (eg, oestrogen). Exposure to ultraviolet light.
What causes skin discoloration on face?
Sun Damage. This is the most common cause of skin discoloration on the face. Prolonged sun exposure causes changes in the pigment of your skin, leading to brown spots and dark spots. The best protection against sun damage is wearing sunscreen, but antioxidant serums can help ensure optimal sun protection as well.
What is commonly spread skin disease?
Infections are spread indirectly when skin or mucous membrane comes in contact with contaminated objects or surfaces. Examples of diseases spread by skin or mucous membrane contact: chickenpox. cold sores (herpes simplex infection) conjunctivitis. hand, foot and mouth disease. head lice. molluscum contagiosum.
What are dark patches on skin?
Dark spots, dots or patches are as a result of hyperpigmentation of the skin due to overproduction of skin pigment called melanin by melanocytes . Melanocytes are cells that produce melanin pigment that gives the skin its color.